7 February 2020
Malocclusion describes teeth and bite misalignment, it appears when teeth doesn’t fit correctly when mouth is closed and teeth in contact. Do you know your type of bite?
It doesn’t really exist just one cause, but the most usual are of genetic or environment nature. Thus, it is possible that changes in temporary teeth outbreak and position can affect permanent teeth.
IMED Dental dentist is the one that decide which treatment is needed to correct it. Depending on the case, it can be baby or permanent tooth removal, orthodontics or jaw surgery.
In our article today we want to discuss different bites (wrong ones) so you have the knowledge to figure out which is your bite type.
Dental malocclusion is not just an aesthetic problem, this anomaly in teeth position and interaction can cause oral and dental problems, and as well create some dental pathologies.
It exist different malocclusion types, from slightly crooked teeth bite till excessive unaligned bite.
Dental crowding is a bite type pretty commun, that is normally caused by lack of space that cause crooked and overlay teeth. It is the most commun reason for orthodontics treatment in adults.
This type of bite happen when upper teeth horizontally expand beyond lower teeth. If teeth stand out too much can cause damage and chewing and speaking problems.
Overbite is overlap excess on upper frontal teeth according to lower ones. In case this overbite is excessive, sometimes teeth can impact with gums.
Cross bite happen when upper teeth occlude inwardly lower teeth. This can happen on one side or both sides and can affect anterior or back teeth.
Open bite consist of the upper front teeth not overlapping with the lower teeth.
How to know which type of bite I have?
The best way to know your bite type or malocclusion is through a dentist visit, who will study and determine our bite satate and, depending on the malocclusion severity, he could advise suitable treatment to correct it.
Treatment to correct malocclusion
Metal or aesthetic brackets orthodontics treatment like invisible orthodontics with transparent splints are a good choice to correct any type of malocclusion.
To avoid bigger problems in children, specialists always advise to have a first visit with orthopaediarics when they are two or three years old, when all teeth appeared.
In case they have developed bigger problems, it is required orthodontics, fix or removable, and depending on the case, teeth reparation or removal. Surgery is just for complicated cases of bone difference in both archs. It is very important to not skip frequent check-up, because it is something detectable that in time will avoid bigger problems.